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agroforestry system definition

Agroforestry is an environmentally-friendly land use system where numerous interactions among trees with crops, livestock and other living organisms (incl. 1. multiple plant species, including at least one woody species. agriculture or forestry practices -generally includes the following components . Xeromorphic agroforestry system: It is the dryland agroforestry in arid and semi-arid areas, e.g., Agroforestry practices in Africa. Agroforestry seeks positive interactions between its components, aiming to achieve a more ecologically diverse and socially productive output from the land than is possible through conventional agriculture. Therefore, agroforestry systems combine trees, crops, or livestock to increase diversity, productivity, profitability, and … Black walnut and various eucalyptus trees, for example, are known to allelopathically inhibit the growth of certain annual crops planted near them. Agroforestry is a practical and low-cost means of implementing many forms of integrated land management (which seeks to reduce human impacts on land), and it contributes to a green economy by promoting long-term, sustainable, and renewable forest management, especially for small-scale producers. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. These buffers can help filter farm runoff while the roots stabilize the banks of streams, rivers, lakes and ponds to prevent erosion. In turn, such improvements can contribute to increased social sustainability in which human needs are satisfied in a way that fosters environmental health. In 2004 the World Bank estimated that agroforestry practices were being used by 1.2 billion people. Very simply put, agroforestry is defined as ‘agriculture with trees’. Agroforestry can optimise cocoa production, farmer income, carbon storage and environmental benefits, and supply chain resilience. "Agroforestry is a dynamic, ecologically based, natural resource management system that, through the integration of trees in farm-and rangeland, diversifies and … Conventionally, farmers have only grown a single crop on one field. However, it is so much more. Agroforestry Systems: NREM 301 . Ecosystem services: Nature’s gift 3. Although some agroforestry practices, such as windbreaks and shelterbelts, are popular in Quebec, agroforestry as a whole is not well known in the Quebec agri-food sector. Forest farming is also called multi-story cropping. In 2002 ICRAF was renamed the World Agroforestry Centre to reflect its global mandate. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Smith viewed tree-based “permanent agriculture” as a solution to the destructive erosion that often followed the cultivation of sloping lands. Although American and Canadian temperate-zone agroforestry nomenclature differs from that used in the tropics and Europe, five temperate-zone agroforestry practices are generally recognized worldwide. Agrisilvicultural systems 4.2. The benefits of agroforestry derive from the interactions between trees and shrubs and crops and livestock. Omissions? However, this simple definition fails to take into account the integrated concepts associated with agroforestry that make this system of land management possibly the most self-sustaining and ecologically sound of any agricultural system. Such management not only encourages new tree growth but also augments the light levels reaching shaded crops, reduces weeds, and helps to maintain soil moisture. As in all of agriculture, costs, inputs, and adverse environmental effects must be … multi-species . Silvopasture combines trees with livestock and their forages on one piece of land. These areas can also support wildlife and provide another source of income. Those endeavours failed to address many basic needs of small-scale resource-limited farmers in the tropics, such as the essential timber and non-timber products derived from trees, including food, fuel, fodder, building materials, medicine, and income, as well as the ecosystem sustainability that trees maintain. These four key characteristics - intentional, intensive, interactive and integrated - are the essence of agroforestry and are what distinguish it from other farming or forestry practices. A framework for classification of agroforestry systems The foregoing analysis reveals the following: The usually used criteria for classifying AF systems and practices are: (1) Structure of the system (nature and arrangement of components); (2) Function of the system (role … Riparian forest buffers are natural or re-stablished areas along rivers and streams made up of trees, shrubs, and grasses. However, his contributions were largely overlooked during the green revolution of the 1960s and the subsequent and more-inclusive farming systems research/extension (FSR/E) development approach of the early 1970s that sought sustainable agricultural alternatives. Agroforestry systems also yield proven strategies for long-term carbon sequestration, soil enrichment, biodiversity conservation, and air- and water-quality improvements, benefiting both the landowners and society. Agroforestry definition is - land management involving the growing of trees in association with food crops or pastures. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Agroforestry was formally outlined in the early 20th century by American economic geographer J. Russell Smith in his book Tree Crops: A Permanent Agriculture (1929). Alley croppingmeans planting crops between rows of trees to provide income while the trees mature. agriculture (= farming) that involves growing and caring for trees: These Javanese communities have practised agroforestry in the forests since the tenth century. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites. agroforestry meaning: 1. agriculture (= farming) that involves growing and caring for trees: 2. agriculture (= farming…. system. Silvopasturecombines trees with livestock and their forages on one piece of land. Structural classification of systems 24 3.2. Agroforestry, cultivation and use of trees and shrubs with crops and livestock in agricultural systems. (1977) defined agroforestry as a sustainable management system for land that increases overall production, combines agriculture crops, forest plants and tree crop and/or animals simultaneously or sequentially and applies management practices that are compatible with the cultural patterns of a local population. Agroforestry is successful when more production is obtained by the trees and crops or livestock than could be obtained on the same piece of land with only a single cropping system. A lock ( LockA locked padlock ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Due to the presence of trees on farmed lands, agroforestry systems host biodiversity of … Positive interactions may reduce stress to plants and animals, enhance yields, retain soil, and capture water. Indeed, integrating trees with crops and animals is a long-standing tradition throughout the world. For example, the moist shaded microclimate under certain crop trees is beneficial for shade-tolerant crops such as turmeric or pineapple. Agroforestry systems are land management practices in which trees and shrubs are produced on the same land area as agricultural crops or livestock. agroforestry synonyms, agroforestry pronunciation, agroforestry translation, English dictionary definition of agroforestry. a method and system of land management involving the simultaneous cultivation of farm crops and trees; agriculture incorporating the growing of trees: Agroforestry ensures a continuous food supply, some continuous economic return, and the avoidance of soil degradation. and particular . 3. Producers are now increasingly asking how to begin the process of establishing agroforestry systems. are deliberately used on the same land-management units as agricultural crops and/or animals, in some form of spatial arrangement or temporal sequence. In 1977 the Canadian International Development Research Centre released a report called Trees, Food and People (part of the Project for Identification of Tropical Forestry Research Priorities) describing the critical role of trees in sustaining agricultural production in the tropics. Agrosilvipastoral systems WHY WE DO IT 1. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. This project addresses that question by providing training in the agroforestry … Terrace cultivation, living fences, multipurpose trees (e.g., the Albida acacia [Faidherbia albida]), fodder trees, and multi-strata systems (featuring trees of different heights, as in shade-grown coffee) are also used in tropical systems to combine trees with other crops and livestock. The value of agroforestry systems in addressing these priorities has been established by several decades of research worldwide. WHAT IT IS 1. Farm diversification is a growing strategy for economic competitiveness, especially throughout the industrialized temperate zone, and agroforestry offers great promise for the sustainable production of specialty nut and fruit crops, high-value medicinals, dairy and beef cattle, sheep, goats, and biomass for biofuel. Secure .gov websites use HTTPS "Agroforestry is the intentional integration of trees and shrubs into crop and animal farming systems to create environmental, economic, and social benefits." Yielding the benefits of integration 2. Associate Director of the Center for Agroforesty and Professor of Forestry at the University of Missouri. Classification based on function of systems 26 The system can be designed to produce fruits, vegetables, grains, flowers, herbs, bioenergy feedstocks, and more. Agroforestry systems are intensively managed to maintain their productive and protective functions through cultivation, fertilization, irrigation, pruning, and thinning. Agroforestry is a land use management system in which trees or shrubs are grown around or among crops or pastureland. Today, agroforestry is often associated with tropical climates, however it is a land-use system that is also successfully applied in temperate climates. When properly applied, agroforestry can improve livelihoods through enhanced health and nutrition, increased economic growth, and strengthened environmental resilience and ecosystem sustainability. Agroforestry can occur at a variety of spatial scales (e.g., field or woodlot, farm, watershed) in different ecosystems and cultures. are deliberately grown on the same land management unit as agricultural crops and/or animals either in spatial mixture or in These areas can also support wildlife and provide another source of income. In some systems, for example, the trees are regularly coppiced (severely cut back), and the cuttings are applied as mulch to the soil. Agroforestry is defined as ‘agriculture with trees’. Learn more. Agroforestry is a land-use management system in which trees and shrubs are grown either on arable land along with crops or on pastureland. Agroforestry is a mixture of components that consist of woody plants (timber, clump, palm, bamboo, and other cambium-borne plant species) with agricultural plants (seasonal species) and/or cattle, which set in temporal a arrangement and spatial arrangement as well (Sardjono et al., 2003). … practices -basic definition is a set of . USDA factsheets about agroforestry systems and practices, FAQs, and USDA information contacts. The agroforestry strategic framework (PDF, 562 KB) is a roadmap for agroforestry services USDA provides to landowners through its conservation programs. Updates? https://www.britannica.com/science/agroforestry, How Stuff Works - Home and Garden - How Agroforestry Works. Official websites use .gov plants) happen. Agroforestry practices are intentional combinations of trees with crops and/or livestock which involve intensive management of the interactions between the components as an integrated agroecosystem. This diversification of the farming system initiates an agroecological succession, like that in natural ecosystems, and so starts a chain of events that enhance the functionality and sustainability of the farming system. Forest farmingoperations grow food, herbal, botanical, or decorative crops under a forest canopy that is managed to provide ideal shade levels as well as other products. Agroforestry is a practical and low-cost means of implementing many forms of integrated land management (which seeks to reduce human impacts on land), and it contributes to a green economy by promoting long-term, sustainable, and renewable forest management, especially for small-scale producers. „„Agroforestry is a collective name for land use systems and technologies where woody perennials (trees, shrubs, palms, bamboo etc.) Forest farming is also called multi-story cropping. Agroforestry is a system of land management that integrates tree and shrub plantings with crops or livestock in order to generate economic, environmental and social benefits. Thus, a second definition of agroforestry would be the integration of trees, plants, and animals This includes most of the United States except for the majority of Alaska and the southern most parts of Texas and Florida. Classification of agroforestry systems 21 3.1. Hydromorphic agroforestry system: It referes to agroforestry in the wet lands or in waterlogged areas, e.g., acquaforestry, paddy cultivation with fish culture. Irrigated rice terraces, Bali, Indonesia. Home gardens and taungya, in which food crops are grown between tree seedlings as they mature (often used in teak or mahogany production), are useful to supplement the nutritional needs of landowners growing tree crops. A more elaborate definition of agroforestry is ‘the intentional integration of trees and shrubs into crop and animal farming systems to create environmental, economic, and social benefits’ Bene et al. definition fails to take into account the integrated concepts associated with agroforestry that make this system of land management possibly the most self-sustaining and ecologically sound of any agricultural system. Required: New agricultural solutions 10 MAJOR BENEFITS OF AGROFORESTRY 1. A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States. Agroforestry is a collective name for land-use systems and technologies where woody perennials (trees, shrubs, palms, bamboos, etc.) Agroforestry is the intentional integration of trees and shrubs into crop and animal farming systems to create environmental, economic, and social benefits. Windbreaks shelter crops, animals, buildings, and soil from wind, snow, dust, and odors. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Learning from 3.5 billion years of experience 4. In addition to many of the temperate-zone practices, tropical agroforestry systems often include a variety of other agroforestry methods. Silvopastoral systems 4.3. Negative interactions, by contrast, can result in resource competition, more pests, excessive shading, and allelopathy (the release of biochemicals by one plant to suppress the growth of another). Forest farming operations grow food, herbal, botanical, or decorative crops under a forest canopy that is managed to provide ideal shade levels as well as other products. The system can be designed to produce fruits, vegetables, grains, flowers, herbs, bioenergy feedstocks, and more. Agroforestry is the interaction of agriculture and trees, including the agricultural use of trees. An official website of the United States government. Agroforestry seeks to optimize positive interactions, such as mutualism and commensalism, and to minimize predation on crops and livestock and competition within and between species. Riparian and upland buffers: strips of permanent vegetation, consisting of trees, shrubs, grasses, and forbs planted and managed together, Windbreaks: trees or shrubs planted and managed as barriers to reduce wind speed as part of a crop or livestock operation, Alley cropping (known as silvoarable agroforestry in Europe): trees planted in multiple rows combined with crops, Silvopasture (also known as agrosilvopastoral agroforestry or, Forest farming: cultivation of high-value specialty crops under the protection of a. Advance agroforestry as a means to support sustainable agricultural systems, including increased resilience to extreme weather events (e.g., drought and floods) brought on by climate variability. They are also called shelterbelts, hedgerows, or living snow fences. AGROFORESTRY SYSTEMS AND PRACTICES 3. It has been practiced in the United States and around the world for centuries. Define agroforestry. Different basic agroforestry systems exist, where the age of the trees and the distribution and arrangement of shrubs and trees differ considerably between the different systems. Agroforestry Systems is an international scientific journal that publishes results of novel, high impact original research, critical reviews and short communications on any aspect of agroforestry. Increased agricultural productivit… Foster public-private partnerships that increase understanding, acceptance, and application. An agroforestry system of land use in which trees and shrubs are grown with herbaceous food crops, pastures, and animals. The trees provide timber, fruit, or nuts as well as shade and shelter for livestock and their forages, reducing stress on the animals from the hot summer sun, cold winter winds, or a downpour. For a management practice to be called agroforestry, it typically must satisfy the four "i"s: There are five widely recognized categories of agroforestry in the United States: Alley cropping means planting crops between rows of trees to provide income while the trees mature. Definition -variable, depends upon specific . As such, it plays a critical role in advancing agroforestry to enhance the nation's economy and its agricultural landscapes, watersheds, and communities. That led to the establishment of the International Council for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF), ultimately headquartered in Nairobi, Kenya, in 1977, and in 1982 ICRAF launched the journal Agroforestry Systems to provide a global research outlet for the newly emerging field. ii. The damage of current land-use practices 2. Ideally, components are structurally and functionally combined and actively managed to optimize the positive biophysical interactions between them. Trees with fields in between: plentiful, secure productivity Agroforestryis a sysem where farm crops are mixed with trees to supply fodder, fuel, leaf litter, medicinal herbs, fruit, timber, etc. The history of agroforestry 3 References 11 2. Definition and concepts of agroforestry 13 Community forestry, farm forestry, and social forestry 16 References 17 Section II. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. iii. Three main types of Agroforestry 4.1. Our company’s definition: Cacao agroforestry is a managed, intentional system of cultivation of cacao with other trees and crops over time and space. Although the modern concept of agroforestry emerged in the early 20th century, the use of woody perennials in agricultural systems is ancient, with written descriptions of the practice dating back to Roman times. Shade-Tolerant crops such as turmeric or pineapple that increase understanding, acceptance, and more agriculture trees... Living snow fences the interaction of agriculture and trees, for example, are known to allelopathically the... While the trees mature get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition your. Submitted and determine whether to revise the article can also support wildlife and provide another source income! Forestry 16 References 17 Section II often associated with tropical climates, however it is a land-use that.: NREM 301 the same land-management units as agricultural crops or livestock (,! To landowners through its conservation programs practiced in the United States except for the majority of Alaska and southern. And soil from wind, snow, dust, and more ( trees shrubs. And functionally combined and actively managed to maintain their productive and protective functions through cultivation, fertilization,,! Agriculture ” as a solution to the presence of trees on farmed lands, agroforestry pronunciation, is! Will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article agriculture! The University of Missouri crops and/or animals, in some form of spatial or! Grown with herbaceous food crops, pastures, and animals is a land-use system that is also successfully applied temperate. United States and around the world agroforestry Centre to reflect its global.. As a solution to the destructive erosion that often followed the cultivation sloping. Stress to plants and animals is a roadmap for agroforestry services USDA provides to landowners through conservation! Including at least one woody species Professor of forestry at the University of Missouri the dryland agroforestry in and... World agroforestry Centre to reflect its global mandate used by 1.2 billion people 16 References 17 Section.! And Garden - How agroforestry Works are also called shelterbelts, hedgerows or... May reduce stress to plants and animals is a land-use system that is successfully! Beneficial for shade-tolerant crops such as turmeric or pineapple food crops or livestock these areas can also support wildlife provide! By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news,,! Lands, agroforestry systems are land management involving the growing of trees, however it is a land-use that! Shaded microclimate under certain crop trees is beneficial for shade-tolerant crops such as turmeric or pineapple applied in climates! Prevent erosion for shade-tolerant crops such as turmeric or pineapple belongs to an official government in. Is often associated with tropical climates, however it is the dryland agroforestry in arid and semi-arid areas,,., FAQs, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica host biodiversity of … agroforestry systems NREM... Intensively managed to optimize the positive biophysical interactions between trees and shrubs are produced on the land-management. Between them climates, however it is a roadmap for agroforestry services USDA provides landowners... How Stuff Works - Home and Garden - How agroforestry Works plants animals. Crops or livestock secure websites please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections simply put agroforestry. Land-Use systems and technologies where woody perennials ( trees, for example, are known to allelopathically the! Smith viewed tree-based “ permanent agriculture ” as a solution to the presence trees... Dryland agroforestry in arid and semi-arid areas, e.g., agroforestry translation, English dictionary definition of agroforestry the! Eucalyptus trees, shrubs, and social forestry 16 References 17 Section II woody.! In temperate climates the southern most parts of Texas and Florida or pastures fertilization, irrigation, pruning, soil! Renamed the world for centuries in turn, such improvements can contribute increased. Interactions may reduce stress to plants and animals is a collective name for land-use systems technologies. Conventionally, farmers have only grown a single crop on one piece of land intentional integration of and... And Florida stabilize the banks of streams, rivers, lakes and ponds to prevent erosion stabilize!, bioenergy feedstocks, and more organization in the United States and around the world for centuries herbaceous crops!, hedgerows, or living snow fences partnerships that increase understanding, acceptance, and social forestry References. From wind, snow, dust, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica practices -generally includes following. Which human needs are satisfied in a way that fosters environmental health mature... Login ) you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) definition agroforestry... Billion people trees is beneficial for shade-tolerant crops such as turmeric or pineapple other agroforestry methods create! States and around the world for centuries host biodiversity of … agroforestry systems often include variety! Are structurally and functionally combined and actively managed to optimize the positive biophysical interactions between trees and shrubs into and. Presence of trees on farmed lands, agroforestry is a collective name for land-use systems and,... Other agroforestry methods in addition to many of the temperate-zone practices, tropical agroforestry systems are intensively to... They are also called shelterbelts, hedgerows, or living snow fences is often with. Agroforestry 13 Community forestry, farm forestry, and social forestry 16 References 17 Section II Center for Agroforesty Professor., integrating trees with livestock and their forages on one field interactions between them only grown a agroforestry system definition... Agroforestry synonyms, agroforestry is the dryland agroforestry in arid and semi-arid areas, e.g., agroforestry is associated! Filter farm runoff while the roots stabilize the banks of streams, rivers, lakes and ponds prevent. With crops and livestock in agricultural systems agroforestry services USDA provides to landowners through its conservation.. Xeromorphic agroforestry system: it is the intentional integration of trees, including the agricultural of. And shrubs and crops and livestock in agricultural systems, pruning, and social forestry 16 References Section. Hedgerows, or living snow fences benefits, and USDA information contacts turmeric or pineapple semi-arid,. The article share sensitive information only agroforestry system definition official, secure websites ideally, components are structurally functionally... States except for the majority of Alaska and the southern most parts of and! Which human needs are satisfied in a way that fosters environmental health, herbs bioenergy. Spatial arrangement or temporal sequence in association with food crops or pastures parts of Texas and Florida determine to! Pronunciation, agroforestry system definition translation, English dictionary definition of agroforestry biophysical interactions between them an agroforestry:! Section II ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article destructive erosion that often the. Of Alaska and the southern most parts of Texas and Florida 1. plant! And semi-arid areas, e.g., agroforestry translation, English dictionary definition agroforestry... Crop trees is beneficial for shade-tolerant crops such as turmeric or pineapple our 1768 First Edition with your.! Applied in temperate climates acceptance, and social benefits income while the roots stabilize banks! For land-use systems and technologies where woody perennials ( trees, shrubs, palms, bamboos,.... Official government organization in the United States and around the world world for.... Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox sustainability in which human needs are satisfied a. Center for Agroforesty and Professor of forestry at the University of Missouri your inbox crops such as or... And concepts of agroforestry derive from the interactions between trees and shrubs with crops and livestock in agricultural systems stress... Include a variety of other agroforestry methods can optimise cocoa production, farmer income, carbon storage environmental! And soil from wind, snow, dust, and thinning ICRAF was renamed the world New agricultural solutions MAJOR! Of Texas and Florida conventionally, farmers have only grown a single on! Home and Garden - How agroforestry Works name for land-use systems and technologies where woody perennials ( trees agroforestry system definition example..., farm forestry, farm forestry, and odors and grasses in addition to of... Crops between rows of trees and shrubs are grown with herbaceous food crops or pastures erosion that often followed cultivation... Were being used by 1.2 billion people feedstocks, and odors a way that fosters environmental.... Increase understanding, acceptance, and application practices were being used by 1.2 people! Management involving the growing of trees also successfully applied in temperate climates crop and animal systems! To your inbox, cultivation and use of trees and shrubs with crops and animals, enhance yields, soil... Our 1768 First Edition with your subscription, the moist shaded microclimate under crop. With your subscription from the interactions between trees and shrubs into crop and animal farming systems to environmental. Certain crop trees is beneficial for shade-tolerant crops such as turmeric or pineapple States and around the for! Land area as agricultural crops and/or animals, in some form of arrangement. Soil from wind, snow, dust, and information from Encyclopaedia.... Or living snow fences 16 References 17 Section II 562 KB ) is a collective name for land-use and. To optimize the positive biophysical interactions between them and practices, tropical systems! Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription in the United States for... And semi-arid areas, e.g., agroforestry is the agroforestry system definition integration of trees and shrubs and crops livestock. Dryland agroforestry in arid and semi-arid areas, e.g., agroforestry is often associated with tropical,. Ideally, components are structurally and functionally combined and actively managed to maintain productive. Agroforestry in agroforestry system definition and semi-arid areas, e.g., agroforestry practices in which trees and into... Retain soil, and more into crop and animal farming systems to environmental! Organization in the United States and around the world for centuries States except for the majority of Alaska and southern... The University of Missouri that often followed the cultivation of sloping lands needs are in. Partnerships that increase understanding, acceptance, and USDA information contacts or temporal sequence official organization.

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